Timeline


1916

Zurich, Switzerland

Hugo Ball and Emmy Hennings open Cabaret Voltaire, the first dadaist gallery and experimental theatre. Ball publishes Le Manifeste DaDa.

 

1918

End of WWI.

Zurich

Tristan Tzara publishes Manifieste Dada 1918.

 

1924

Paris, France

André Breton publishes his first Manifeste du Surréalisme / Surrealist Manifesto

 

1925

Paris

La Peinture Surréaliste at the Galerie Pierre.

 

1928

Paris

Breton publishes his novel Nadja and Le Surréalisme et la Peinture / Surrealism and Painting. Dalí and Buñuel release Un Chien Andalou.

 

1929

Paris

Breton publishes his Deuxième Manifeste du Surréalisme / Second Surrealist Manifesto. Georges Bataille publishes the first issue of the journal Documents.

 

1930

Paris

Release of L´Age D´Or, second and last film by Dalí and Buñuel.

 

1931

Hartford, Connecticut, USA

First group exhibition of the surrealists in America.

 

1932

Paris

Breton publishes Les Vases Communicants / The Communicating Vessels.

New York, USA

Surrealist group exhibition at the Julien Levy Gallery.

 

1933

New York

Dalí’s first exhibition at the Julien Levy Gallery.

Paris

First issue of the journal Minotaure, edited by André Breton and Pierre Mabille.

 

1936

Mexico

Antonin Artaud visits the Sierra Tarahumara.

New York

Alfred J. Barr organises the exhibition Fantastic Art, Dada, Surrealism.

Paris

L’exposition d’Objets Surréalistes at the Galerie Charles Ratton.

 

1937

Munich, Germany

The National Socialist German Workers’ Party organises the Entartete Kunst exhibition to denounce modern ‘degenerate’ art.

 

1938

Paris

Exposition Internationale du Surréalisme at the Galérie Beaux-Arts. Leonora Carrington publishes La Maison de la Peur / The House of Fear.

Mexico

André Breton and César Moro arrive. Publishing of Manifiesto por un arte revolucionario independiente, signed by Breton and Diego Rivera, written in collaboration with Leon Trotsky.

 

1939

Paris

Leonora Carrington publishes La Dame Ovale / The Oval Lady. Breton publishes ‘Souvenir du Mexique’.

Mexico

Kati and Jose Horna, Wolfgang Paalen, Alice Rahon and Eva Sulzer arrive.

New York

Roberto Matta, Yves Tanguy and Esteban Francés arrive.

 

1940

Mexico

Breton, Paalen and Moro organise the Exposición Internacional del Surrealismo (International Surrealist Exhibition) at the Galería de Arte Mexicano.

 

1941

New York

Leonora Carrington, Renato Leduc, Max Ernst and Peggy Guggenheim arrive.

 

1942

New York

First Papers of Surrealism exhibition at the Whitelaw Reid Mansion. The gallery Art of this Century opens its doors.

Mexico

Leonora Carrington, Renato Leduc, Benjamin Péret and Remedios Varo arrive. Wolfgang Paalen publishes the first issue of the journal Dyn.

 

1944

Mexico

Last issue of Dyn.

 

1945

Mexico

Pierre Mabille publishes Le Merveilleux (the Marvelous).

New York

End of WWII. The return of exiled artists to Europe begins. Leonora Carrington publishes En Bas / Down Below.

 

1947

Paris

Exposition Internationale du Surréalisme at the galerie Maeght.

New York

Art of this Century closes its doors. Guggenheim emigrates to Europe.

 

1966

Paris

André Breton dies.